VB Collections


Collection classes are specialized classes for data storage and retrieval.

These classes provide support for stacks, queues, lists, and hash tables.

Most collection classes implement the same interfaces.

Collection classes serve various purposes, such as allocating memory dynamically to elements and accessing a list of items on the basis of an index, etc.

These classes create collections of objects of the Object class, which is the base class for all data types in VB.Net.

THE VARIOUS COMMONLY USED CLASSES OF THE SYSTEM.COLLECTION NAMESPACE.
CLASSPURPOSE
ArrayListIt represents ordered collection of an object that can beindexed individually.It is basically an alternative to an array. However, unlike array, you can add and remove items from a list at a specified position using anindex and the array resizes itself automatically. It also allows dynamic memory allocation, add, search and sort items in the list.
HashtableIt uses akey to access the elements in the collection.A hash table is used when you need to access elements by using key, and you can identify a useful key value. Each item in the hash table has akey/value pair. The key is used to access the items in the collection.
SortedListIt uses akey as well as anindex to access the items in a list.A sorted list is a combination of an array and a hash table. It contains a list of items that can be accessed using a key or an index. If you access items using an index, it is an ArrayList, and if you access items using a key, it is a Hashtable. The collection of items is always sorted by the key value.
StackIt represents alast-in, first out collection of object.It is used when you need a last-in, first-out access of items. When you add an item in the list, it is calledpushing the item, and when you remove it, it is calledpopping the item.
QueueIt represents afirst-in, first out collection of object.It is used when you need a first-in, first-out access of items. When you add an item in the list, it is calledenqueue, and when you remove an item, it is calleddeque.
BitArrayIt represents an array of thebinary representation using the values 1 and 0. It is used when you need to store the bits but do not know the number of bits in advance. You can access items from the BitArray collection by using aninteger index, which starts from zero.

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